Eye Hospitals in Langar House
Vision care does not begin or end with glasses, contact lenses and corneal reforming surgeries like LASIK. There are many other things you can do to maximize and protect your current vision. An important part of healthy vision is an annual comprehensive eye exam. Optometrists diagnose and treat eye problems and diseases and help you get the most of your vision. Optometrists can also diagnose systemic health problems that require primary care. Regular eye and vision exams are an important part of preventive health care. Many eye and vision problems have no obvious signs or symptoms, so you may not even know you have a problem.
Early diagnosis and treatment of eye and vision problems can help prevent vision loss. Each patient’s signs and symptoms and the optician’s professional judgment will determine which tests your optician will perform.
Comprehensive eye check-up includes, in Eye Hospitals in Langar house
- Refraction – To check the refractory Status of eye , prescription of Spectacles
- Intra Ocular pressure checking
- Retinal Examination
Recommended Eye Examination Frequency
|Birth to 24 Months
|At 6 months of age
|By 6 months of age or as recommended
|2 to 5 years
|At 3 years of age
|At 3 years of age or as recommended
|6 to 60 years
|Every two years
|Every one to two years or as recommended
|61 and older
|Annually or as recommended
When Should You Have an Eye Exam? @ Eye Hospitals in Langar house
Childhood vision screening
Not everyone should wait until age 40 to get an eye exam Some adults shouldn’t wait until age 40 to get a full eye exam. Consult an eye doctor immediately if you have an eye disease or risk factors such as:
2. High blood pressure
3. eye diseases.
After the examination, the eye doctor can tell you how often you should have your eyes checked in the future. It is important to follow the schedule given by your eye doctor, especially as you get older. The risk of eye diseases increases with age.
Seniors and eye exams
If you are 65 or older, make sure you have your eyes checked every year or two. Your ophthalmologist will check for signs of age-related eye diseases such as:
- diabetic retinopathy
- age-related macular degeneration
Remember, always follow the schedule your ophthalmologist recommends for future eye exams.
What Do Ophthalmologists Check During Eye Exams?
A comprehensive eye exam is simple and comfortable. It shouldn’t take more than 45 to 90 minutes. Your doctor may have a staff member do portions of this exam. Here is what the exam should include:
Your medical history
Your doctor will ask you about your vision and your general health. They will ask about:
- your family’s medical history,
- what medications you take, and
- whether you wear corrective lenses.
Your visual acuity
A “Tumbling E” eye chart from the 1950s. The chart has capital E’s facing in different directions, so people being tested can indicate which direction the letter is pointing, instead of having to read different letters.
This is the part of an eye exam people are most familiar with. You will read an eye chart to determine how well you see at various distances. You cover one eye while the other is being tested. This exam will determine whether you have 20/20 vision or not.
Your prescription for corrective lenses
Your doctor will ask you to look at an eye chart through a device called a phoroptor. The phoroptor contains different lenses. It will help determine the best eyeglass or contact lens prescription for you.
Your doctor may check how your pupils respond to light by shining a bright beam of light into your eye. Pupils usually respond by getting smaller. If your pupils widen or don’t respond, this may reveal an underlying problem.
Your side vision
Loss of side vision (peripheral vision) may be a symptom of glaucoma. This test can find eye problems you aren’t aware of because you can lose side vision without noticing.
Your eye movement
A test called ocular motility evaluates the movement of your eyes. Your ophthalmologist looks to see if your eyes are aligned. They also check that your eye muscles are working properly.
Your eye pressure
Eye pressure testing, called tonometry, measures the pressure within your eye (intraocular eye pressure, or IOP). Elevated IOP is one sign of glaucoma. The test may involve a quick puff of air onto the eye or gently applying a pressure-sensitive tip near or against your eye. Your ophthalmologist may use numbing eye drops for this test for your comfort.
The front part of your eye
Your ophthalmologist uses a slit-lamp microscope to light up the front part of the eye. This includes the eyelids, cornea, iris and lens. This test checks for cataracts or any scars or scratches on your cornea.
Your retina and optic nerve
Your ophthalmologist will put dilating eye drops in your eye to dilate, or widen, your pupil. This will allow them to examine your retina and optic nerve for signs of damage from disease. Your eyes might be sensitive to light for a few hours after dilation.
Other Tests During an Eye Examination
Your ophthalmologist may suggest other tests to further examine your eye. This can include specialized imaging techniques such as:
- optical coherence tomography (OCT)
- fundus photos
- fluorescein angiography (FA)
- topography, which is a scan of the surface of your cornea
- automated visual field
These tests help your ophthalmologist detect problems in the back of the eye, on the eye’s surface or inside the eye to diagnose diseases early.
Each part of the comprehensive eye exam provides important information about the health of your eyes. Make sure that you get a complete eye exam as part of your care for your overall health.